Oral health is important not only for teeth and gums, but also for the body as a whole, because experts have been warning for quite some time that periodontitis can be one of the causes of problems with the functioning of the cardiovascular system and erection in men . Bleeding gums is one of the most common signs of improper dental care. Today Estet-portal will tell you about the most likely causes of this alarming phenomenon, as well as diseases that can cause bleeding gums.

A bit of anatomy

Gums – it is a dense connective tissue attached to the jawbone and holding the teeth in their natural anatomical position in the mouth. Healthy gums with a thickness of only 1 mm securely fix the teeth in their sockets by means of special – periodontal – ligaments.

Attention to yourself

No matter how sad it may sound, bleeding gums often indicate a person's inattentive attitude towards himself. Many people do not worry about bleeding gums at all, meanwhile, traces of blood that periodically appear in the oral cavity under the influence of various mechanical factors can be a sign of diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis, which, according to WHO statistics, are among the most common today. pathologies among other dental diseases.

Indeed, if you notice redness, swelling and bleeding of the gums when brushing your teeth or eating, know that it is time to sound the alarm, as it is likely that these are symptoms of gingivitis that, if left unattended, becomes more serious painful form – periodontitis, in particular destroying periodontal ligaments. The consequences are quite obvious: if the main mechanism of natural fixation is lost, the teeth will simply begin to fall out after some time.

About gingivitis and periodontitis

Gingivitis – this is inflammation of the gums, accompanied by redness and swelling, as well as bleeding during brushing your teeth or while eating. Periodontitis – This is a deep lesion of the gums, in which, due to disease-causing processes, the neck of the tooth is exposed, wedge-shaped defects appear around it, and hypersensitivity to temperature and other irritants occurs. The gums here become inflamed to a much greater extent than with gingivitis, they no longer fit snugly against the teeth and cease to fulfill their protective function.

With periodontitis, opportunistic microflora becomes active, usually not causing harm to a healthy oral cavity. Its vital activity leads to the destruction of the bone on which the dentifrice apparatus is attached, and at the final stage of periodontitis, there is practically no bone tissue left under the teeth. Teeth that are not properly supported begin to fall out, and an abscess often develops in place of the formed gaps.

Causes of bleeding gums

First of all, let us recall the well-known factors that negatively affect both the body as a whole and the oral cavity: smoking, unbalanced nutrition and stress.

Cigarette smoke creates a favorable environment for pathogens in the mouth. A yellowish coating on the teeth characteristic of smokers – bacterial origin, it occurs in connection with the active reproduction of pathogenic microflora, whose waste products irritate the gums and contribute to the development of gingivitis.

The diet of a modern person is often replete with foods containing excess carbohydrates. As in the case of smoking, such food contributes to the appearance of bacterial plaque on the teeth, which has a destructive effect on the teeth and forms tartar, which further mechanically injures the gum tissue, causes gum bleeding and leads to gingivitis.

Bleeding gums can also occur in some diseases, such as diabetes, leukemia, hemophilia.
Bleeding gums can also be observed during pregnancy. This is due to the hormonal restructuring of the female body, as a result of which the gum tissue becomes soft and weaker than usual.

Bleeding gums can also be caused by other causes, such as vitamin C deficiency, but in recent decades this variant of the development of the disease has been extremely rare in most countries of the world, since residents of developed countries are accustomed to consuming various vitamin complexes to prevent beriberi.

In recent years, the problem of bleeding gums has been of particular concern to specialists, since before such painful conditions were observed only in people of the middle and older age groups, and now signs of gingivitis and periodontitis are found even in adolescents. Therefore, in case of any deviations in the condition of your gums, try to consult a periodontist as soon as possible.

Proper oral care is the basis for the prevention of caries and periodontal disease. One of the most important reasons for the development of these pathologies – plaque and microorganisms that hide in it. To avoid this, dentists recommend professional cleaning every six months:

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