Beauty and health

Warts, moles and papillomas: how do they differ

Бородавки, родинки и папилломы: чем они отличаются

Any formation on the skin is alarming, especially if it appeared suddenly. In particular, it is very often difficult for people who have not previously encountered such problems to figure out what exactly is this or that pigmented neoplasm on the skin – wart, mole or papilloma. Moreover, patients are often interested in how dangerous certain skin formations are, how great is the risk of their degeneration into skin cancer, and whether their removal or damage threatens their health. These questions will be answered by

Why do warts, moles and papillomas appear

Both moles, and papillomas, and warts are initially benign neoplasms.

The appearance of moles is associated with several factors: hereditary (often appear in the same places as the parents), exposure to ultraviolet radiation (the production of melanin pigment is activated), exposure to viruses and trauma (also in some cases can contribute to increased melanin synthesis).

Moles, papillomas and warts are initially benign, but there is a risk of their degeneration into malignant tumors.

Warts and papillomas appear as a result of skin cell growth, which is activated by the human papillomavirus. This is their main similarity with each other and the difference from a mole.

We'll look at:

  • how do moles differ from papillomas and warts;
  • how to visually distinguish between warts, papillomas and moles;
  • are warts, moles and papillomas dangerous.

What is the difference between moles and papillomas and warts

One of the main differences between moles (nevi) from warts and papillomas is the reason for their appearance: if some moles are "laid" still in the womb, and the rest appear under the influence of external factors, then the appearance of papillomas and warts is preceded by the penetration of the human papillomavirus into the body.


HPV can be contracted through household or sexual contact, and depending on the type of virus that has entered the body, typical neoplasms may appear in different parts of the body: papillomas, warts, condylomas.

And if it is impossible to get infected with moles, then HPV is able to penetrate the skin if there are microdamages on it or due to sexual transmission.

How to distinguish between warts, moles and papillomas

A qualified dermatologist will be able to accurately distinguish a wart from a papilloma and / or mole after a thorough examination.

However, there are a number of characteristic features inherent in the above neoplasms, which in some cases allow you to determine the type and degree of potential danger of formation on the skin.

So, the main differences between a mole and a papilloma are:

  • papilloma is soft and loose in structure, and mole – dense and hard;
  • a mole consists exclusively of skin cells, there are vessels in the papilloma structure;
  • papilloma has a color close to the skin, the mole most often has a darker shade;
  • a mole can appear on any part of the body, the localization of papilloma is most often friction zones and mucous membranes;
  • the edges of the mole are even, and the formation itself is symmetrical, while the papilloma is distinguished by torn uneven edges, and the papilloma itself always protrudes noticeably above the skin;
  • A mole does not cause discomfort, a papilloma may cause itching or other discomfort.


As for warts and papillomas, the difference between them is as follows:

  • papilloma can be distinguished from a wart by the presence of a characteristic stem or base from which a bulge hangs;
  • wart borders are more distinct than papillomas borders;
  • most often, the place of localization of warts are the hands and feet, papillomas – underarms, groin, underbust area.

It can be very difficult to distinguish a papilloma from a wart, therefore, in case of any suspicious neoplasm on the skin, it is better to consult a dermatologist.

Are moles, papillomas and warts dangerous for human health and life

The main danger of moles is the risk of their degeneration into melanoma. The following changes in moles should alert you:

  • increase in size;
  • color change;
  • soreness;
  • itching;
  • bleeding;
  • inflammation;
  • seal;
  • Violation of the skin pattern.

To protect yourself and prevent the transformation of a benign skin formation into a malignant one, it is necessary to regularly check with a dermatologist.

As for warts, papillomas and other formations caused by HPV, the degree of their danger depends on the type of virus:

  • high– 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 52, 58, 59, 68 HPV types;
  • low– 6, 11, 26, 41, 42, 50, 61, 73, 82 etc.;
  • missing – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Accordingly, some papillomas and warts can also transform into malignant tumors, especially if they are injured. papillomas located in such places are best removed.

Nowadays, there are a number of effective and safe methods for removing neoplasms on the skin, however, reminds you that before removing moles, warts or papillomas, you must always consult a doctor.

  • Comments (2)

    Ноль Нолик#1233
    09 января 2017, 11:56

    Успешно удаление прошло мазью стефалин, была куплена в интернете, на сайте производителя. Очень рекомендую

  • Comments (2)

    06 мая 2018, 19:31

    У меня вокруг полового органа вилами несколько папилломы и родинки раньше не было как удалит их.

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