Dental extractions are often used in dental practice. The indications for the procedure are determined by the doctor after assessing the condition of the patient's oral cavity. To avoid complications after this operation, the patient must provide proper care after tooth extraction. Otherwise, the risk of complications increases significantly, including inflammation of the hole, bleeding, suppuration, etc. Today, will tell you what you can and cannot do after tooth extraction, and also in what cases you need to urgently seek qualified help.

Getting ready for the unpleasant: what to expect after tooth extraction?

Tooth extraction is performed by a dental surgeon. Choosing a Qualified Doctor – an important component of the successful outcome of the operation (more details at After tooth extraction, the specialist must inform the patient about the rules of care, based on the characteristics of the intervention. The patient's task is:

  • compliance with the recommendations of the dentist;
  • Seeking help in a timely manner.

To stop the bleeding, the doctor, depending on the nature of the bleeding, puts a sterile gauze swab with hemostatic drugs on the hole or puts special sutures.

The main concerns for patients after removal are:

  • gum swelling;
  • pain;
  • small bleeding.

Next we will look at:

  • care after tooth extraction;
  • reasons to see a doctor.

Minimizing the risk of complications: rules for care after tooth extraction

If your doctor prescribes any medications after a tooth extraction, you must take them as directed by your dentist and for the prescribed period of time. As for rinses and baths:

  • on the first day after the operation, do not actively rinse your mouth;
  • if the doctor has prescribed antiseptic baths, you need to take the antiseptic liquid prescribed by the dentist into your mouth, hold it (without rinsing your mouth) and spit it out.

To relieve soft tissue swelling after tooth extraction, cold compresses can be used: ice wrapped in a towel applied to the cheek every five minutes. You can do this for a couple of hours after the removal.


In no case should you heat the place of tooth extraction – this will cause the wound to fester.

The gauze pad should also be removed after the time specified by the dentist has elapsed. Remove the swab very carefully so that the blood clot does not come out of the hole.

In terms of care after tooth extraction, it is strongly not recommended:

  • eat, drink hot drinks and smoke for the first 3 hours;
  • drink alcohol within 24 hours (or during the period of antibiotics);
  • take hot baths;
  • be exposed to physical activity for 48 hours;
  • touch the wound;
  • open mouth wide;
  • Rinse your mouth vigorously for 48 hours.

After tooth extraction, you must follow the basic rule of care – brush your teeth. However, this hygienic procedure must be carried out very carefully on the teeth adjacent to the extraction site, without pressing hard so as not to injure the wound.

The sutures are removed about a week after the operation or not at all if the suture material dissolves on its own.

When do I need to urgently see a doctor after a tooth extraction?

The most common complications associated with improper care after tooth extraction or other reasons are:

  • inflammation of the socket (alveolitis), which is characterized by severe pain, inflammation of the edges of the socket and the absence of a blood clot;
  • hole bleeding;
  • hematomas and suppurations.

Therefore, you should immediately consult a doctor if:

  • temperature rose sharply;
  • there is severe pain that is not relieved by painkillers;
  • an unpleasant smell appeared from the hole;
  • bleeding;
  • cheek swelling increases;
  • weird sensations.

Remember that self-treatment in case of complications is excluded! Be sure to seek the help of a dentist as soon as possible after the onset of severe bleeding, pain, blood clot prolapse, and other problems. Follow the rules of care after tooth extraction and all doctor's recommendations to minimize the risk of dangerous complications.

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