Стоит ли носить каблуки: выбираем между внешним эффектом и здоровьем

Shoes high heels — a must-have fashion accessory for women. It is believed that a business or evening look will be incomplete without a hairpin. But do know the health risks associated with wearing heels?

The editorial staff of estet-portal.com talks about whether whether to wear heels all the time. We call 6 reasons why you should say "no" high heels.

High heels — cause of many diseases

Chic shoes emphasize your style. But comfort and hairpin are incompatible concepts. Wearing heels causes not only inconvenience, but also a huge number of problems. The weight of the body is unevenly distributed between the toes and the heel, which negatively affects the entire body:

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  • Change in posture. A heel height of 5 cm is enough for the body to lean forward 15 degrees. In order to find balance, a woman has to make significant efforts. The constant tension of the spine causes pain in the lower back. Experts believe that high-heeled shoes cause lordosis — forward bending of the lumbar spine.

  • Deformity and inflammation of the joints.
  • A high heel changes the foot's foothold. All the load goes to the toes. The foot constantly slides forward, you have to keep your fingers in tension, increasing the load on them. This position leads to arthritis, arthrosis, transverse flat feet and painful corns.

  • The blood vessels of the lower extremities suffer.
  • High-heeled shoes make the legs long and thin. But the shape of the shoe keeps the foot in an unnatural position all the time and compresses it which impairs blood circulation. In extreme cases, this can lead to capillary rupture. Painful calf muscles — another side effect of high heels. To maintain balance, you have to strain your calves. By squeezing them, you disturb the free flow of blood. This causes varicose veins and  thrombophlebitis.

  • Read also: 
Gastrocnemius and soleus — "second heart" your body

    Ankle joint problems
  • . In women who wear heels above 5 cm for at least three days a week, the movement of the ankle joint changes. It becomes limited because the calf muscle contracts and the calcaneal tendon increases in size and becomes stiff. This leads to loosening of the ankle ligaments.

  • Stress on knee joints
  • . Putting on shoes with multi-centimeter heels, a woman walks more slowly, her step becomes shorter. This position causes a change in the angle of the knee and  excessive pressure on the inside of the knee joint. This entails  osteoarthritis — knee cartilage damage.

  • Injuries.
  • A pair of designer heels will add charm to your wardrobe. But it is safe to walk on hairpins only on a flat surface. Cracks in the sidewalks, swelling of the asphalt, cobblestone pavement often cause injuries. Ankle sprain, broken ankle, bruised elbows and knees — serious damage that will put you out of action for a long time.

This is by no means a complete list of diseases caused by wearing uncomfortable heels. They can cause infertility, cerebrovascular accident, weakening of libido in women.

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Causes of swollen legs in women: lifestyle or illness

How to wear heels to minimize the risk of disease

Surely, most women know that it is harmful to wear high-heeled shoes often. However, they don reject stylish shoes. Because possible diseases — this is a distant prospect, and I want to look spectacular every day.

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What can be done to combine fashion and  save health:

    Purchase the right shoes.
  • The insole must have a built-in arch support. It acts as a shock absorber, reducing stress on the knees. Pay attention to the position of the heel. The smallest risks are with a heel that is located at the level of the heel. Offset to toe, it increases the possibility of injury to the ankle joint. Opt for a wide heel over a stiletto heel. It is more stable. In shoes with such heels make it easier to balance.

  • Change your heel height.
  • Change shoes 2-3 times day. Take off your high heels if the situation permits. In the car, when commuting to work or a social event, wear low-heeled shoes. But remember that the "flat move" just as bad as high heels. The optimal height should be 2-4 cm.

  • Give your feet a rest.
  • Do foot, knee and ankle exercises. Massage well relieves tension and improves blood circulation.

  • Stay away stylish shoes gradually.
  • Wearing such shoes for many years deforms the foot and leads to abnormal functioning of ligaments and muscles. The body gets used to the heels. A sharp rejection of it can be painful. Start wearing shoes with a heel no lower than 7.5 cm. Then gradually move to optimal height — 4 see

  • Stay away from heels beforehand.
  • If you have a genetic predisposition to varicose veins, blood clots, arthrosis or arthritis, it is best to refrain from shoes with high heels without waiting for the rapid development of the disease . The risk group also includes hairdressers, salespeople, teachers. They spend the whole day standing on their feet. Such a load — a great test for the whole organism.

  • Leave stilettos for formal occasions.
  • Wedges or solid platform shoes are perfect for your daily wardrobe. This outsole evenly distributes the load on the foot. The legs do not get tired and are less prone to traumatic risks.

Choose between comfort and  external effect

Now you know that high heeled shoes are detrimental to your health. Think well before you put it on.

Many women are sure that men are more likely to pay attention to slender legs shod in elegant shoes. Yes, high heels visually lengthen the legs and make the figure stately. But, as scientists at Northumbria University have shown, men do not attach much importance to women's clothing. They are more attracted to plasticity in movements, body proportions and facial expressions.

Read also: 

Easy steps: how to walk gracefully in heels

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