Диета при гастрите: что можно есть при разных типах заболевания

Gastritis — inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Most often, it appears due to improper and irregular nutrition, less often — due to Helicobacter pylori bacteria. If it is not treated, then there is a chance that an ulcer will appear. In addition to medicines, the state of the stomach is normalized with a special diet.

The editors of estet-portal.com tell you what kind of diet for gastritis, what you can eat, depending on the type of disease and in what quantities.

What are the phases of gastritis and how to recognize them

Gastritis is divided into acute phase and chronic course of the disease. Chronic gastritis is difficult to recognize if there are no exacerbations. But if you have a regular breakdown, bad breath, heartburn, loss of appetite — then this is a good reason to see a gastroenterologist.

During an exacerbation, nausea, vomiting, belching appear, and in some cases — temperature. To make a sure diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe an ultrasound, probing and analysis for gastric juices.

Read also: Gastroenteritis: symptoms and treatment of the disease

When the diagnosis is confirmed, you need to find out what type of gastritis you have:

  • With low acidity. With this form of the disease, the stomach produces less hydrochloric acid. It is needed for the breakdown and digestion of food. If it isn't enough — food is not fully digested. Consequently, the body lacks the necessary vitamins and components, which affects the general condition of the body. From here comes lethargy and fatigue.

  • With high acidity. This form is characterized by the release of more hydrochloric acid than the body needs. As a result, it corrodes the walls of the stomach and enters the intestines. This disrupts the digestive tract.

Depending on type the doctor chooses a diet so as not to aggravate the painful condition and not to provoke the development of a stomach ulcer.

Nutritional recommendations for low acidity

The diet aims to increase the level of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. This means that you can eat sour-milk and sour foods. It is necessary to observe the temperature regime: food cannot be heated above 60 degrees, cooled below 15. The nutrition system for gastritis with low acidity is very diverse. You can eat almost everything, but with some restrictions:

  • It is necessary to give up vegetables and fruits that cause gas and fermentation.

    These include grapes, cherries, legumes, onions, cabbage, garlic.

  • Meat can only be lean 

    — rabbit, chicken, veal & lean beef.

  • Salmon, catfish, mackerel are not allowed from fish

    , but perch, hake and pollock 

  • Whole milk reduces acidity

    , but in moderation it can be added to porridge or tea.

  • Yeast-free dried baked goods.
  • With such a set of products, patients with  gastritis practically do not feel restrictions in food, because the menu is hearty and diverse.

Read also: 

A Healthy Eating Plate: A Nutritionist's Opinion Diet for gastritis: what can you eat with high acidity

During the diet, it is important to reduce the level of acidity so that excess hydrochloric acid does not corrode the walls of the stomach and does not get into the intestines. It is important to observe the temperature regime of food — no hot and too-cold food, and restrictions:

    Don't eat fresh vegetables and fruits. They should be boiled or steamed.
  • It is necessary to completely exclude fresh pastries, and bread can only be wheat.
  • Meat can only be lean varieties without cartilage and  tendons. It is important to eat poultry without skin.
  • Fish must also be lean varieties.
  • You can drink milk every day, but you can't drink kefir, cottage cheese and ryazhenka.
  • No smoked or fried foods.
  • Salt and sugar should also be limited.
  • This food system is a little more rigid, but over time, you can gradually introduce prohibited foods in moderation.

General dietary recommendations for people with gastritis

In addition to the above diets, you need to know that the food should be liquid and & nbsp; puree. At the same time, meat broths should not be abused, especially at the stage of exacerbation. It is also worth giving up  strong tea and coffee, alcohol is strictly contraindicated. If you are taking any medications, your gastroenterologist should be aware of this in order to adjust your diet. In addition, it is very important to refuse condiments.

To make food not seem insipid and monotonous, you can stew and bake vegetables, fruits, meat. Their taste will remain brighter than when boiled. Meals should be fractional — it is better to eat less, but more often. At least you need to eat four times a day and completely refuse snacks.

Read also: 

Pain map: identifying diseases by signals

You might be interested in: Abs Workouts.

Add a comment