Dramatic and severe weight loss is no less worrisome than weight gain. If a person loses more than 5% of the total body weight every week – this negatively affects the general well-being and appearance. The reasons for losing weight are divided into 2 large groups: general and medical.
Common causes can be handled by a person on their own or with the help of friends and relatives. As for the second group, one cannot do without the help of medical knowledge. Weight loss associated with diseases of organs and systems is the most life-threatening. Read about 10 diseases from which people lose weight on estet-portal.com.
Common causes of weight loss
It cannot be said that a sharp weight loss can be associated purely with the course of pathological processes in the body. There are other reasons for losing weight. Stress and depression, mental stress, phobias and other problems can provoke weight loss. In addition, the worship of a thin body pushes modern girls to follow diets, exhaustion by physical exertion, and all this, together with the fast pace of life, leads to strong weight loss.
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So, the first group of reasons for weight loss:
- eating disorder:
- diets and even hunger strikes;
- hormonal failures;
- addiction to drugs or alcohol;
- increased physical activity.
Weight can "jump" during sessions and exams, when moving to a new job, when moving to another country or city, when falling in love. Sometimes, with hormonal surges, weight can decrease, although most often in the female body there is an accumulation of fat deposits and a set of extra pounds.
10 Diseases That Cause Weight Loss
80% of weight loss cases are due to medical reasons for weight loss associated with dysfunctions of one organ or the whole organism. Be careful and watch your weight. In the event of a sharp decrease in body weight and a deterioration in well-being, you should immediately consult with specialists and undergo a medical examination.
When there is a change in the color of the skin or sclera of the eyes, weight decreases, hair falls out, nails break – this is only a small part of the consequences of the first stages of a cancerous tumor. The patient may not yet know that a life-threatening formation is growing in the body. And weight loss can greatly speed up the pathology detection process. Most often, the patient loses weight with the development of malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and pancreas. These diseases can be accompanied by strong weight loss from the first days of the onset of the tumor. As for other types, weight loss may appear after the growth of metastases in the body.Common and early signs of cancer:
non-healing of wounds and ulcers;
- presence of seals;
- impaired urination and stool;
- hoarseness, cough;
- skin color change.
This disease is manifested by a rich clinical picture, one of the first symptoms of which is weight loss. Tuberculosis It is considered an intractable disease, which can be dealt with only in the first stages.Among other signs of tuberculosis are:
chest and wet cough;
- coughing fits with discharge of blood and pus;
- weakness, drowsiness, loss of strength;
- excessive sweating;
- chest pain, runny nose.
- Tuberculosis cannot be treated on its own, only a stay in a dispensary, under the supervision of doctors and long-term use of medications in the first latent stage, can guarantee a cure. A person dies 2-3 years after the lungs are affected by tuberculosis if treatment is refused.
Another reason for weight loss – this is diabetes. It is the first type of diabetes that provokes weight loss, the second type contributes to obesity. Usually the patient constantly experiences increased appetite, and it is almost impossible to satisfy it, hunger is always present. This is due to an imbalance in blood glucose. During the course of the disease, an increase in glucose and insulin deficiency is observed in the blood.Other symptoms of type 1 diabetes:
dry mouth and thirst;
- irritability and weakness;
- presence of constant hunger;
- vision problems;
- frequent urination.
Thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism
This disease is a pathology of the thyroid gland. In the body, intoxication with thyroid hormones occurs with dysfunction of the thyroid gland secreted by these hormones. Also called hyperthyroidism. Weight loss in this disease is associated with an increase in metabolic rate. The patient constantly overeats and at the same time loses weight.Symptoms of hyperthyroidism:
intolerance to stuffiness;
- rapid heartbeat;
- menstrual disorders in women and decreased libido in men;
- attention disorder.
- Anorexia nervosa
Anorexia is characterized by a pathological fear of obesity and an eating disorder (intentional) associated with a person's maximum weight loss. This disease overlaps with bulimia and binge eating. Adolescents and girls under 25 are most susceptible to this disorder, although men can also have problems. It seems normal for patients to refuse food in order to lose weight. This leads to severe exhaustion of the body, and if this disease is not stopped, it can lead to death.Symptomatic of uneven anorexia:
fear of gaining weight;
- sleep disorder;
- patients denying their fear of being overweight and having a problem in general;
- feelings of resentment and anger;
- Changing the perception of family and social life;
- dramatic changes in behavior.
- Adrenal insufficiency (hypocorticism syndrome, Addison's disease)
With this disease, the process of producing hormones by the adrenal cortex is disrupted. Types of adrenal insufficiency: chronic and acute, primary and secondary.The disease manifests itself:
- increasing fatigue;
- darkening of the skin (to a bronze color);
- lowering blood pressure;
- salty cravings;
- loss of appetite;
- abdominal pain.
Also called senile dementia. The disease is a loss of neural connections in the brain. It usually affects older people over 65 years of age. Although Alzheimer's disease can develop at an early age, after 40 years, if there is a genetic predisposition.
Manifested by loss of partial memory and disorientation. Most often, the last events in life fall out of memory, then there is a loss of long-term memory. A person is lost on the ground, ceases to recognize faces, feel emotions, loses acquired knowledge, speech and hearing apparatus are disturbed. The patient may forget to eat, relieve himself, fall asleep or wake up. As a result, a significant body weight is lost, a person cannot exist without additional help from relatives or close people.
Lymphoma (Hodgkin's disease)
This is an oncological disease, which is a "growth" of lymphoid tissue, which contains giant cells Reed — Berezovsky — Sternberg. In the first stage, the disease is manifested by an increase in lymph nodes. The cervical and axillary nodes are usually inflamed.
loss of appetite;
- enlargement (inflammation) and shrinkage of lymph nodes;
- increased nighttime sweating;
- Temperature increase.
- Ulcerative colitis
This disease is chronic and is an inflammation of the lining of the colon. Mainly manifested by the followingintestinal
symptoms:pain in the abdomen (cutting, aching, radiating to the left side);
- decreased appetite;
- disturbance of the kidneys and heart.
Impaired intestinal patency
The disorder is caused by narrowing of the colonic lumen and is an advanced stage of cancer. The lumen of the large intestine narrows due to the growth of a cancerous tumor, which blocks the passage of feces and intestinal juices.Manifested by the following symptoms:
stool and gas retention;
- pain in the abdomen on the left side;
- Asymmetric bloating (on the side of the large intestine).
How to speed up bowel movements: emergency relief for constipation The above diseases are accompanied by weight loss and severe weight loss against the background of poor health. Any reasons for losing weight should alert a person. In case of identified violations, you should immediately seek help from specialists. Only timely treatment can serve as an early relief from other consequences of severe exhaustion of the body.