Чистка зубов от камня: какие способы используют стоматологи

Tartar is a brownish mass of calcareous deposits that appears on enamel. Most often, dense plaque forms on the  inner surface of the lower incisors, where it is invisible, so many people hardly pay attention to and do not consider it necessary to remove it. And in vain. Cleaning teeth from tartar can be an effective preventive measure against caries and other dental diseases, because plaque consists not only of lime, but and food remnants. It is this environment that is ideal for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.

What is tartar and why it needs to be removed

Teeth — These are colonies of & nbsp; billions of bacteria. In the process of their vital activity, acids are formed that gradually destroy the enamel. This is how caries occurs. Its first signs — light or brownish spots on the teeth. If you do not immediately turn to the dentist, the enamel will be destroyed, and the bacteria will penetrate to the soft dental tissues. Over time, deep caries can lead to pulpitis (nerve inflammation) and other serious problems. And everything begins with imperceptible and like harmless tartar.

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Dense plaque forms for several reasons:

  • Poor oral hygiene. If a person rarely brushes his teeth, does not use dental floss, plaque forms, which gradually thickens.

  • Save money on toothbrushes and pastes.

    To clean your teeth, you should choose the best tools, otherwise it is difficult to remove all food residue.

  • Soft food

    . An important risk factor — insufficient amount of solid food that mechanically cleans the teeth and does not remain on the enamel.

  • Chewing with one side of the jaws.

    This often happens if there are bad teeth on one side. Then the person gets used to chewing on the other one.

  • Metabolic disorders.

    Tartar often forms in people who have problems with salt balance, which affects the composition of saliva.

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Why you need dental floss: rules of use The first signs of plaque appear within 1-2 hours after brushing your teeth. Microorganisms actively multiply and attach to the enamel with the help of a solid carbohydrate skeleton. This leads to the formation of a yellowish dental plaque, which grows and gradually descends closer and closer to the gingival sulcus. As  as it thickens, the plaque changes color, becoming darker.

Preventing tartar is easy: brushing your teeth twice a day, rinsing after meals, and visiting your dentist regularly is enough. It is important to choose the right accessories for oral hygiene. To understand how well you brush your teeth, you can use special dragee tablets containing a liquid that changes color when in contact with dental plaque. Such tablets are available in any pharmacy.

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The best toothpaste: is there the difference between an expensive and cheap product Professional cleaning of teeth from stone: what dentists offer

There are a lot of "grandmother's recipes" getting rid of tartar, but   their use is better to refrain. The risk of damage to the soft tissues of the oral cavity is too great. This will lead to inflammation, which will then have to be treated. The best option — professional teeth cleaning from tartar in dental clinic.

There are several ways to remove deposits:

  • Mechanical.

    The doctor uses a special nozzle, thanks to which you can pry and lift the plaque, and then clean the enamel from plaque residues. This method has serious shortcomings: unpleasant (though not painful) sensations for the patient, the inability to remove the stone from under the gums. In today's clinics, mechanical cleaning is rarely used.

  • Ultrasonic.

    The most popular stone removal method today. It allows not only to completely remove deposits, but and eliminate the bacterial threat. There are  disadvantages. In the areas where the tooth enamel is very thinned, pain may appear. To prevent them, doctors use anesthetic gels. Ultrasonic cleaning is more expensive than mechanical cleaning.

  • Laser.

    The ideal stone removal method: painless, effective and comfortable. The patient can simply relax and wait for the end of the procedure. Minus — high cost.

  • Chemical.

    This method of dealing with tartar is the most risky, so it can hardly be recommended. The essence of the method: the doctor covers the patient's teeth with an acid or alkaline gel that softens plaque. After this, deposits are easily removed. Cons — it is impossible to remove the stone under the gum, and the enamel may not withstand the action of active substances.

  • It is not uncommon for dentists to use a combination of several cleaning methods to produce the best results. To prevent the appearance of new deposits, special protective compounds are applied to the teeth.

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Aphthous stomatitis: why it occurs and how to get rid of it faster The main thing about tartar and how to remove it

Tartar does not cause pain and does not interfere, but it is necessary to remove it, otherwise the risk of caries increases dramatically. To solve the problem, follow these tips:

    Get regular dental checkups. Checking the condition of the teeth twice a year — a must if you want to stay healthy.
  • Take good care of oral cavity. Don't forget to brush your teeth twice a day and rinse your mouth after meals.
  • 1-2 times per year professional cleaning tartar  
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Telegram Good dental care — expensive, but you can save if visiting the same doctor. As a rule, dentists give discounts to regular patients. Don't hesitate to ask!

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The gap between the teeth: what what she says

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