Что скрывает наше тело – как определить плохую родинку

According to statistics, by the age of 40 almost every person has 30-40 moles on the body. They have a different structure, size, shape, color. Nevuses – the scientific name for these formations on our body. Most of them appear by the age of 20-25. By the way, they can both appear and disappear. This is normal, but situations when moles grow, change color to darker, bleed – a reason to consult a specialist.

Melanoma – the most aggressive type of cancer, leading to death in 80%. Nevi become especially dangerous after mechanical damage. If you accidentally hooked on the formation with a fingernail or scratched and violated its integrity, do not delay for later, contact a dermatologist or oncologist. The main danger – a harmless mole can quickly turn into melanoma under the influence of various factors.

estet-portal.com will tell how to recognize if a mole is bad.

What increases the risk of dangerous moles on the body

Cancer cells are atypical, their gene structure is completely disrupted. In such a situation, the body loses control over them, they reproduce on their own, develop, causing harm to all organs and systems.

The gene structure is disturbed due to the influence of a large number of factors:My default image
• genetic predisposition to skin cancer – if your close relatives had this disease, then you need to do a special analysis that determines the tendency to develop melanoma;
• skin exposure to UV rays – abuse of the sun during the hours of greatest activity from 11-16 is one of the main causes of the development of pathology;
• regular influence on the body of electromagnetic radiation;
• high level of radiation in the air;

• food consumption, characterized by an increased carcinogenic composition;

• frequent contact of the skin surface with harmful chemicals, detergents, acids;

• damage to the integrity of the mole;

• immunodeficiency state;

• fair skin type.

Skin functions: facts that few people know about

A comprehensive examination is used to diagnose dangerous moles. A blood test allows you to detect tumor markers in time. Special apparatus – dermatoscope – examines the deep layer of the skin. There is a
modern method for determining the malignancy of formations – positron emission tomography. After conducting tests and examinations, a biopsy is prescribed. A suspicious mole is completely removed and sent for pathology determination.

A mole on a leg: what is it and what can it tell about

When removing malignant nevi in ​​the early stages, recovery occurs in 90% of cases, in the later – only 30%. Dermato-oncologists recommend that patients remove moles located in the groin area, under the armpits and chest in women, in men these are areas where there is a risk of affecting the mole when shaving.

What indicates possible pathological changes in moles

Specialists urge you to pay attention to the appearance and growth of new nevi, regularly check your body. To determine atypical moles, dermatologists and oncologists have developed an individual method – ABCDE, which will help to independently suspect the onset of pathological processes on the body.

Each letter identifies a feature that requires close attention:

My default image• asymmetry
– uneven growth to the sides, when the line is visually drawn, the halves are not symmetrical;
• jagged edges
– torn, cropped, indistinct borders of the nevus are one of the symptoms of skin cancer;
• coloring
– various shades of a mole, black dots, heterogeneous color are considered abnormal;
• diameter
– the size of a mole more than 7 mm in diameter indicates the need to show it to a dermatologist or oncologist;
x changing characteristics
– colors, structures, size – should make you suspicious, a normal mole retains its size throughout life.

6 most common myths about moles

Not all moles are potentially dangerous, but if you find a spot on the body more than 6 mm in diameter, you definitely won't miss it. It doesn't look like other nevi. Even to the touch, they are rough, protruding above the surface of the skin, with an uneven shape along the edges. The most common skin cancer is on the legs, arms, and face. As a rule, melanoma increases with time, so the growth of a mole – first indication for

skin examination. How to prevent yourself from developing melanoma in the future
For the timely detection of dangerous pathologies, do an examination of your body. During the examination, try to remember approximately all the moles and their characteristics so that the next time you immediately notice the changes. ; reduce your time in the sun during active hours from 11 am to 5 pm, wear light cotton clothing with sleeves, a hat and proper sunglasses;
• do not act on moles yourself, do not cut hairs, do not shave areas with an increased number of nevi to avoid damage;

• do not abuse alcohol, it disrupts the production of melanostimulating hormone, causing cells to release melanin faster, which leads to an oncological process;

• women are advised to use hormonal contraceptives as little as possible, they provoke the development of skin cancer.

Scientists claim
that the development of melanoma is linked to childhood sunburn. They provoke changes in cells, which in the future lead to their malignancy. So, a common place for the development of skin cancer – legs, because in the summer time in children they are always open and not protected from UV rays.

What do moles on the face say

My default imageThe ideal way to diagnose skin cancer
at an early stage is a photomap of moles. The device creates an individual plan for the location of your moles. This allows you to determine the appearance and growth of new nevi in ​​dynamics, a bad mole will not be overlooked. Removal of formations is best done only in medical institutions, after drawing up a plan and consulting an oncologist and a dermatologist.
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