Лечение СДВГ у детей: 20 советов для родителей и список полезной литературы

The diagnosis of ADHD requires competent treatment and an individual educational approach. It is very difficult for hyperactive children to adapt to society. It        hard to obey rules, make friends get things done. Children with ADHD often find themselves in dangerous situations because they cannot foresee the consequences of their actions. This diagnosis is not at all uncommon; according to various statistics, it occurs from 3 to 10% among children. In  50% of cases, ADHD symptoms carry over into adulthood and reduce your chances of getting a good education, career, and family. Therefore, hyperactive children require special attention and 

  • How to help children with ADHD: signs and causes of hyperactivity
  • Signs of ADHD in a child
  • What influences appearance of ADHD: the opinion of scientists
  • Treating ADHD in Children: Techniques and Tips for Parents
  • Key Treatments for ADHD in Children
  • 20 tips for parents raising a hyperactive child ADHD Management: Helpful Books for Parents
  • How to help children with ADHD: signs and causes of hyperactivity
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder manifests itself in childhood and can be diagnosed at the age of 5-7 years. A child with  ADHD is too mobile and can not focus on anything. First it causes conflicts in school, then — with friends and colleagues, problems at work and in private life.

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ADHD treatment should be timely to help the child adapt to the world in which he will live, learn to control himself and cooperate with other people. The quality of his life will depend on this.

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Signs of ADHD in a child

He can not concentrate on 
  • Restlessness, distraction and carelessness
  • Impulsiveness, irascibility, tendency to tantrums
  • Excessive mobility of the child
  • Sleep problems
  • Can't sit in one place, runs aimlessly and wiggles
  • Fussy, unable to just lie down and rest
  • Can not complete work and organize its activities
  • Quickly distracted by  extraneous stimuli, can not wait for his turn
  • Can not listen to speech addressed to , quickly loses the thread of the conversation
  • It often happens that teachers and parents say that a child is capable, but gets only twos and triples. Often children with ADHD conflict with peers, teachers and parents, and in adolescence they may exhibit antisocial behavior.
The causes of ADHD are still not exactly clear. People with this diagnosis have a thin cortex of the parts of the brain responsible for attention and control. They produce less dopamine, which helps the brain to focus, than normal people.

What influences appearance of ADHD: scientists' opinion

    Hereditary factor.
  • Often there are already relatives in the family with similar symptoms.

  • Negative factors during pregnancy and delivery
  • : fetal hypoxia, poor maternal nutrition, smoking, threats of abortion, increased maternal anxiety, prematurity, premature or protracted labor, etc.

    Family conflicts, strict and cruel upbringing, rudeness to the child, physical methods of punishment greatly worsen the symptoms of a child prone to hyperactivity. In           child with  work with the child with ADHD.

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Treating ADHD in Children: Techniques and Tips for Parents

If parents notice signs of ADHD in a child, then it is necessary to contact a neurologist. This should be done at any age, but the sooner treatment begins, the better.

Treatment of hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder should be comprehensive, which means monitoring the child by both a neurologist and a psychologist. This approach allows the child and their relatives to more effectively cope with the difficulties of diagnosis.

Key Treatments for ADHD in Children

Drug therapy

: psychostimulants, nootropics and neurometabolic drugs, drugs affecting cerebral circulation, drugs for the correction of mental disorders.
  • Non-drug therapies

    : biofeedback (plastic brains can be trained to function properly).
  • Additional methods

    : psychotherapy, art therapy, psychological training, learning how to study, how to organize your day.
  • Psychologists advise parents, along with drug treatment, to pay great attention to the educational approach. This will help the child to better understand himself, control behavior and significantly increase his chances for a happy adult life.

    20 tips for parents raising a hyperactive child

Children with ADHD don react to criticism and reprimands

but are sensitive to praise. Use this to motivate your child.
  1. It is especially important to clearly and set the boundaries of what is permitted

    . Stick to your chosen line of conduct.
  2. Do not give your child multiple tasks at the same time

    . First, let him complete one task, then you can talk about another.
  3. Keep a clear daily routine

    , which will help the child better understand what awaits him during the day.
  4. Make sure that the child gets enough sleep

    . Lack of sleep makes hyperactive children uncontrollable.
  5. The excess energy of the child must be channeled into the right direction: sports, dancing, walking.

  6. But 

    children with ADHD should not get overexcited and overtired, so there shouldn not be too many extra tasks. Avoid excessive stress.

  7. Give the child tasks in a calm tone, clearly and clearly. Try to fit in 10 words so that the child doesn lose the thread of the conversation.

  8. It is worth setting a certain time for watching TV, cartoons or playing computer games. It is better to use a timer that will remind the child that the time is up.

  9. Alternate calm and  active activities. For example, a child does homework for 10 minutes, then ask him to run, walk around the room, and then continue again.

  10. Be kind to child. He should know that you are on his side.

  11. Organize for the child the opportunity to

    walk every day on the street, to be in nature more often.

  12. Hug your baby every day and say you love them just the way they are.
  13. Physical punishment is unacceptable
  14. . If the child has committed a misconduct, talk to him about it, find out the reasons. As a punishment, you can choose to ban something, for example, cancel the nightly viewing of cartoons. Don demand a required apology from the child.
  15. Crowded places increase the excitability of a hyperactive child. If possible,

    do not take him to crowded events.
  16. Help your child find an activity they love
  17. . It is important that he feels successful and capable.
  18. Don't show things off in the presence of a child
  19. . The microclimate in the  family is crucial to treatment of a child with ADHD. For success, he needs the support and love of loved ones.
  20. Spend family time together
  21. , stick to your family traditions.
  22. Read to your child
  23. and play with he.
  24. Teach your child relaxation techniques
  25. , massage.

Read also: My default imageAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder brings with it many difficulties for parents. This is & nbsp; the correct diagnosis, and & nbsp; methods of treatment, and & nbsp; social isolation. To overcome all this, it is important to have reliable information about  ADHD, treatments and behavioral correction.

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Specialist books can help with this. Although they will not replace consultations with doctor and psychologist, they will orient parents in the main problems of diagnosis and will give answers to specific questions.

5 books for parents of ADHD


Ekaterina Murashova "Children-mattresses and disaster children"

Edward Hallowell, John Ratey Why I Distract. How to Recognize Attention Deficit Disorder in adults and children and what to do»

    Oleg Romanchuk "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children"
  1. Lidiya Goryacheva, Lev Kruglyak «Children-„catastrophes“. How to help a hyperactive child.
  2. Galina Monina, Elena Lutovo-Roberts, others "Hyperactive Children: Psychological and Pedagogical Assistance".
  3. Read also: 

    «What to do if I don love my child»: 4 helpful tips for mothers

  4. You may be interested in: Memory Test.

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