Синдром Туретта: как жить с таким расстройством

Tourette Syndrome – it is a disease with which a number of jokes and prejudices are associated. The most important misconception – the craving of patients for the constant shouting of curses, blasphemy and uncontrolled aggressive behavior. In this case, a person suffering from such a syndrome appears dangerous.

Another misconception concerns the mental abilities of the patient – they say, he cannot boast of them.

However, all this – only popular myths about Tourette's syndrome. The site estet-portal.com will tell you more about the features of the disease, its characteristic symptoms and the life of a person suffering from it.

1. Tourette Syndrome – what is
2. How does Tourette's syndrome affect a person's life
3. Is Tourette syndrome treated and by what methods

Tourette syndrome: what is it

A person with Tourette's Syndrome suffers from uncontrollable vocal and motor tics. That is, it is a neurological condition associated with a malfunction of the brain.

The disease appears in childhood – from 2 to 8 years old. And more often the patients are boys.

Disorders of the brain provoke the appearance of tics: vocal tics can appear as early as 2 years old, and after a couple of years, motor ones will join them.

The peak of the disease development is at the age of twelve. At the end of adolescence, tics stop or become completely insignificant. That is, the disease can simply disappear.

However, often the problem remains – and you have to learn to live with it. If the treatment was started on time, then the tics can be significantly reduced.

But the popular information about uncontrollable swearing is greatly exaggerated. This disorder occurs in only 10% of people with Tourette syndrome.

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How does Tourette syndrome affect a person's life

Tourette Syndrome is accompanied by tics whose occurrence cannot be predicted or their periodicity can be traced. To others, they seem to be something like disorders of behavior of the personality – and the person seems "dangerous." In fact, tics do not affect the personality of the patient in any way.

They are:

• blinking eyes;

• cough;

• repetition of sounds;

• repetition of movements;

• repeating one's own or others' words;

• uttering obscene words.

People with Tourette's Syndrome feel a strong urge to do something before the onset of a tic. It can be likened to scratching an itchy pimple or sneezing.

The patient complains about a certain increase in the feeling of tension, the need for action to release energy. Only this will help to return a person to a comfortable state.

Feelings before a tick appear physically – for example, a feeling of discomfort in the shoulder area or a lump in the throat. As a result – the person wants to shrug their shoulders or clear their throat.

That is, theoretically, urges can be controlled, because you can not perform actions. But in fact – no patient will tolerate physical discomfort. Therefore, tics are characterized by experts as semi-voluntary.

In childhood, such features can lead to problems with socialization of the child in kindergarten or school. Therefore, it is important to convey truthful information about the syndrome to educators and teachers, so that the child is not offended or simply is not shunned.

Turret's ticks are preceded by a strong urge to act, expressed on the physical level. The feeling of tension requires relief – and this is possible only if the patient performs a certain action.

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Is Tourette syndrome treated and by what methods

This is the most important issue that worries the patient himself and his relatives. We will immediately answer – a complete cure of the disease is not possible, but tics can be reduced so that they are almost imperceptible.

The treatment of the syndrome is based on the management of tics, the ability to cope with them. Typically, Tourette's syndrome is mild, so medication is not required to improve the condition.

However, if the frequency of tics is seriously interfering with life, then the doctor may develop a treatment regimen using drugs.

Also, if we are talking about a child – be sure to tell the caregiver or teacher about the disease. This will avoid preconceived notions about mental and physical abilities.

There is no cure for Tourette syndrome. But it is quite realistic to reduce the number of ticks to a minimum. For this purpose, the patient learns to manage tics and his condition, in some cases, drug treatment is also used.

Tourette Syndrome is manifested only by involuntary movements or vocal responses. It does not affect the mental abilities of a person in any way, it allows you to conduct the most "normal" lifestyle.

Of course, it imposes its own specific features and limitations. But if you consult a doctor in time and start therapy – then the number of ticks can be reduced to a minimum.

Since the disease appears in childhood, the sooner you start solving the problem – the less discomfort the child will experience in communicating with peers and adults. Medical treatment is required only in the most extreme cases.

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